Edward Roscoe Bowen was commissioned as a 2nd Lieutenant in the 114th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment (Collis’ Zouaves) on August 9, 1861 and served with the regiment throughout the Civil War. Just short of two months before the Battle of Gettysburg, Captain Bowen was one of twenty three officers in the regiment wounded at Chancellorsville on May 3, 1863.
The 114th Penn. was assigned to the 1st Brigade (Graham), 1st Division (Birney), III Corps (Sickles) and entered the battle of Gettysburg with 312 officers and men. Captain Bowen was the commanding officer of Company B, 114th Pennsylvania at the Battle of Gettysburg. Company B consisted of 2 Lieutenants and 29 enlisted men; the company had one soldier (Abraham Groff) killed during the battle. During the hour-long battle for Sherfy’s peach orchard the regiment sustained casualties of 9 killed, 86 wounded, and 60 missing (50%). The 114th’s commander was captured near the Sherfy house on the Emmitsburg road and Captain Bowen took command of what was left of the regiment. On July 3, 1863 the regiment was in reserve just to east of the center of the union line.
Captain Bowen was promoted to Major on September 1, 1863 and took permanent command of the regiment. Edward Bowen was promoted to Brevet (Honorary) Lieutenant Colonel in the spring of 1865 near the end of the war. He was mustered out of the Army with the regiment on May 29, 1865. After the war Lieutenant Colonel Bowen became an insurance manager, married Katherine Mather on April 4, 1872 and had four children. Edward Bowen died at the age of 69 of pneumonia on April 6, 1908 and was interred in the Church of the Redeemer Cemetery in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania.
John W. Griffiths III
Captain Edward Bowen is portrayed by John W. Griffiths III. John received a bachelor’s degree in U.S. History from Norwich University, the Military College of Vermont. While at Norwich, John served in the Norwich Independent Battery as a gunner for one of the school’s Civil War era James’ Rifles. John also received a master’s degree in military history and colonial American history from the University of South Carolina. John is a retired US Army infantry officer who strongly believes in keeping the memory of the Civil War alive in the 21st Century and he has given numerous Civil War presentations to local schools and at regional Civil War Living History events. John lives in Palmer Township, Pennsylvania and his father and children share his interest in the Civil War. Frequently they all can be found in uniform on Saturdays at Little Round Top and Devil’s Den in Gettysburg.
John Griffiths can be contacted through this web site at Edward.Bowen@uniongenerals.org